Prevalence of intestinal parasites in Etulo, Benue State, Nigeria
Indigenous Etulo people of Benue State were screened for the prevalence of intestinal parasites. Overall, 703, subjects from the twelve villages were screened using a simple and rapid concentration technique (Nigrosin methylene blue). Nine different species of parasites were found among the people thus: Entamoeba coli – 65 (9%), Entamoeba histolytica – 53 (7%), Ascaris lumbricoides – 89 (12%), Enterobius vermicularis – 16 (2%), hookworm – 32 4(46%), Hymenolepsis nana – 9 (1%) Trichuris trichuria – 25 (3%), Taenia saginata – 4 (0%) and Schistosoma mansoni – 4 (0%). Although, the results were based on a relatively small cross section of volunteers who provided stool samples for examination, the findings can be said to have provided information which was seldom available among those people that lack toilet facility, potable water, good hygiene and sanitation.
Keywords: Intestinal parasites, hygiene, water, Nigeria.
Nigerian Journal of Parasitology Vol. 27 2006: pp. 1-6