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Role of gut microbiota in dog and cat’s health and diseases

Elisabetta Mondo
Giovanna Marliani
Pier Attilio Accorsi
Massimo Cocchi
Alberto Di Leone


Mammalian gastrointestinal tract is colonized by a large number of microorganisms, known as gut microbiota, that play a key role in the physiological and pathological states. In particular, the gastrointestinal tract of dogs and cats harbors a complex and highly biodiverse microbial ecosystem. Recent studies see it involved in a wide range of life processes, including energy needs, metabolism, immunological activity, and neuro-behavioral development. This review focuses on the role of the microbiota on the health of pets and will discuss changes that occur in the disease.

Keywords: Cat, Dog, Gut, Microbiota.