The knowledge and reported vaccination status of hepatitis B virus amongst medical students in a Nigerian tertiary teaching hospital

  • O.O. Adeleye
  • A.A. Oyelekan
  • A.O. Ale
  • A.O. Olaitan
  • A Ayanwale
Keywords: Chronic Hepatitis B, Health care workers, mode of transmission

Abstract

Objective: Preventing the occupational risk of contracting the Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is against a backdrop of knowledge and vaccination. The aim of the study was to assess the knowledge of the medical students on HBV infection and their vaccination status.

Method: A cross-sectional study on was conducted using a self-administered questionnaire. Data of 202 students were analyzed using SPSS v. 20. Descriptive statistical tests were applied.

Result: Subjects' ages ranged from 19 to 36 years, mean age of 25.65± 3.3years, 54.1% were males. The knowledge score on general knowledge was 79.2%, on risks factors and mode of transmission of virus was 74.9% whilst on prevention was 89%. The reported vaccination status was 22.8%. Eighty one of them (40.1%) had been tested for the HBV with 4(4.9%) testing positive.

Conclusion: The medical students had good knowledge of the Hepatitis B virus however the vaccination status was low.

Keywords: Chronic Hepatitis B, Health care workers, mode of transmission

Published
2019-06-27
Section
Original Article

Journal Identifiers


eISSN: 2467-8252
print ISSN: 2360-7793