Solid State NMR Characterization and Adsorption Properties of Lignocellulose-Clinoptilolite Composites Prepared with Siloxanes Coupling Agents

  • RMK Vala
  • L Tichagwa
  • H Pasch
  • ED Dikio
Keywords: Lignocellulose, clinoptilolite, chemical modification, composites, solid state NMR, used motor oil.

Abstract

This study reports the preparation of lignocellulose-clinoptilolite composites by means of N-terminated siloxanes as coupling agents, after acid hydrolysis. Reactions were carried out in the presence of dibutyltin dilaurate as catalyst by reacting lignocellulose modified with the coupling agents and clinoptilolite at 140 °C inDMFunder nitrogen atmosphere. The light in weight and fluffy composites obtained were characterized by FT-IR, XRD, TGA, SEM and Solid State NMR. Results depicted possible chemical interactions between the two materials (lignocellulose and clinoptilolite). Used as adsorbents, the composites showed to be good candidates for the removal of used motor oil fromaqueous solution, withupto 92mg g–1 of chemical oxygen demand removed.

KEYWORDS Lignocellulose, clinoptilolite, chemical modification, composites, solid state NMR, used motor oil.

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