Micelle-Mediated Extraction and Cloud Point Pre-concentration for the Spectrophotometric Determination of Phenol in Water Samples

  • A Reza Zarei
  • F Gholamian
  • S Chalavi
Keywords: Pre-concentration, cloud point extraction, phenol, spectrophotometry, water samples


In this paper, a cloud point extraction method for the determination of trace amounts of phenol by spectrophotometry is described. The method is based on the colour reaction of phenol with diazotized p-nitroanilinean alkaline media and the cloud point extraction of azo dye product using of nonionic surfactant Triton X-114. The effects of reaction and extraction parameters were studied and optimum parameters were established. The calibration graph was linear in the range of 2.0–400 ng mL–1 of phenol. Detection limit based on three times the standard deviation of the blank (3Sb) was 1.0 ng mL–1 and the relative standard deviation (RSD) for 50 ng mL–1 of phenol was 1.73 % (n=10). The proposed method was applied for the determination of phenolin water samples.

Keywords: Pre-concentration, cloud point extraction, phenol, spectrophotometry, water samples


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eISSN: 0379-4350