Comparison of Tetrahydroisoquinoline (TIQ) Thiazole and Oxazoline Ligands for Asymmetric Henry Reactions
A series of novel C1 symmetric thiazole ligands with a tetrahydroisoquinoline (TIQ) backbone were synthesized. Their application in the catalytic asymmetric Henry reaction was investigated with comparison to a corresponding TIQ oxazoline ligand. The Cu(II)-oxazoline complex was more reactive and furnished moderate enantioselectivities up to 61:36 (syn:anti) with 75:25 diastereomeric excess, while the Cu(II)-thiazole complexes had lower selectivity. This is the first example where a direct
comparison between an N, N-type thiazole and oxazoline ligands has been studied.
Keywords: Tetrahydroisoquinoline, thiazole, oxazoline, Henry reaction, enantioselectivity
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