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A simple method for colourimetric determination of silver using a home-made double beam photometer

Masoud Saadati


The present study proposes a simple and inexpensive photometric method for the selective determination of Ag(I). This method employed a home-made double beam photometer for the determination of silver ions based on an optode sensor prepared by immobilization of 5-(P-Dimethylaminobenzylidene)-rhodanine (PDR) on triacetyl cellulose (TAC) membrane. Two green LEDs as sources of light and light-dependent resistors (LDRs) as detectors were used in the proposed device. The LEDs are turned on by a programmable microcontroller that receives signals from light passed through the sensor, and the absorbance is calculated and displayed on a Liquid-crystal display (LCD) screen. With the optimum conditions, the calibration plot was linear in the concentration range of 0.5–6 μg mL−1. For five replicate determinations of 2 μg mL−1 Ag(I) and the related detection limits, the relative standard deviations were 2.29% and 0.25 μg mL−1, respectively. The method was applied successfully for determining silver in a silver sulphadiazine cream, a radiology effluent, and radiology film samples and the results obtained were in good agreement with those of the standard flame atomic absorption spectroscopy (FAAS) method.

Journal Identifiers

eISSN: 1996-840X
print ISSN: 0379-4350