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South African Journal of Geomatics

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Geospatial subsidence hazard modelling at Sterkfontein Caves

H Ashraf, F Cawood

Abstract


This paper covers a GIS1 approach to identifying hazardous areas at the Sterkfontein Caves. It makes a contribution to risk assessment of land with shallow caves underneath it. The aim of the study is to ensure public safety in a concentrated area frequently visited by the public and is part of a programme to identify appropriate digital technologies for mining. The geo-hazard subsidence model includes historic subsidence occurrances, terrain (water flow) and water accumulation. Water accumulating on the surface will percolate and reduce the strength of the soil mass, possibly inducing subsidence. Areas for further geotechnical investigation are identified, demonstrating that a GIS, geospatial reclassification tool has great potential for strengthening current risk assessment approaches in mining



http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/sajg.v4i3.8
AJOL African Journals Online