Effect of different instructional media on acquisition of martial arts skills by elementary school students

  • Shiang-Wei Hung
  • Yao-Chung Huang
  • Wu-Chou Chen
Keywords: Elementary education, Physical education, Multimedia instruction, Martial arts.


This study investigated the effects of different instructional modes on teaching one of the popular martial arts, Baduanjin. The Grade-4 learners (N=81) that were recruited were assigned to one of three groups: picture-based instruction, videobased instruction and live-modelling instruction. All the students received four instruction sessions within two weeks. The measurements were a retention performance test conducted immediately after the students completed all the instruction sessions and another retention performance test conducted four weeks later. Through the analysis of one-way ANOVAs, significant differences were identified in the scores of the three groups. Students who received the picture- ased instruction exhibited lower performance accuracy than those who received videobased and live-modelling instruction in both their retention and delayed retention tests. No significant difference was found between the video and the live-modelling groups. The implications of these results for the design of computer-assisted motor skills learning are discussed.

Key words: Elementary education; Physical education; Multimedia instruction; Martial arts.


Journal Identifiers

print ISSN: 0379-9069