An elite runner with cerebral palsy: cost of running determines athletic performance
Background: Running performance is widely understood in terms of the Joyner model (VO2max, %VO2max at ventilatory threshold (VT), running economy (often measured as cost of running (CR) as VO2 in ml.kg‑1.km‑1).
Objective: To test the Joyner model by evaluating a runner in whom one element of the Joyner model is systematically abnormal.
Methods: The case of a two-time Paralympian with cerebral palsy (CP), 2nd place in the Sydney 2000 Paralympic 1500 m (T37) is reported. Incremental and steady state treadmill runs as well as simulated competitions were completed. Incremental and steady state (50% PPO) cycling with two legs (2L), the non-affected leg (NL), and the affected leg (AL) were also completed.
Results: His silver medal (2000 Sydney OG) performance for 1500 m was 269 s (4:29) (77.2% of velocity in contemporary ablebodied world record (WR). At the time of study, his VO2max was 64.2 ml.min‑1.kg‑1. His cost of running (CR) (1% grade) was higher, at 257 vs 228, 211 and 188 ml.kg‑1.km‑1 (for ACSM norms, elite Europeans, elite East Africans). During cycling, his VO2max with 2L, NL and AL was 3.74, 3.78 and 3.71 l.min‑1, and his gross efficiency (GE) was 18.4, 12.2 and 9.3%, respectively.
Conclusions: In a former elite runner with CP, there is little evidence of a central oxygen transport limitation. The higher CR (plausibly reflected by the reduced GE of his AL) appears to account for much of the difference in performance compared to
able-bodied runners. The results provide both insight into the physiological limitations of runners with CP and support for the Joyner model of competitive running performance.
Keywords: biomechanics, athletic training, exercise performance, exercise physiology