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Incidental intima-media wall changes in the lower-limb arteries: a case series in habitual distance runners

B Roos
W Derman


This case series describes the observed presence of echogenic circular “beads” identified by high-resolution ultrasound imaging in the peripheral arterial walls of the lower limbs of three vascularly asymptomatic runners. The aetiology, mechanisms and clinical implications of these observations remain uncertain.

Keywords: ultrasound, calcification, beads, endurance runners, arterial wall

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eISSN: 2078-516X
print ISSN: 1015-5163