A preliminary account of the forest avifauna of Ihang’ana and Idewa Forest Reserves: ‘forest islands’ on the Udzungwa Plateau, Tanzania
This study reports on the forest avifaunas of Ihang’ana and Idewa Forest Reserves, located on the Udzungwa Plateau, Tanzania, which are undocumented in published literature. Field surveys were conducted between 28 October and 6 November 2020 using the McKinnon species list method. From 185 McKinnon 10-species lists, 40 species were observed in Ihang’ana and 30 in Idewa Forest Reserves, for a combined total of 41 species. Of the species recorded, over 78% (32 species) were forest-dependent birds representative of Eastern Arc Mountains forests. Seven species detected are considered restricted-range species, including Yellow-throated Greenbul Arizelocichla chlorigula, which is endemic to the Eastern Arc Mountains of Tanzania. The results suggest that forest birds, including montane species, can survive in isolated areas of suitable habitat even when patch size is small. As such, forests such as Ihang’ana and Idewa forests can still play an important role in the conservation of forest birds.