Characterization of Phosphate Solubilizing Faba Bean (Vicia faba L.) Nodulating Rhizobia Isolated from Acidic Soils of Wollega, Ethiopia
Some species of rhizobial bacteria nodulating faba bean are characterized by phosphate solubilization. In order to study their in vitro and symbiotic characteristics, twelve rhizobial isolates nodulating faba bean were collected from acidic soil of Wollega, Ethiopia. Solubilization index of the isolates ranges from 1.25 to 2.10. Mean Generation Time of the isolates were less than 2.34; and growth of isolates on Yeast Extract Mannitol agar with bromothymoleblue media were accompanied by change of color from blue to yellow. AUAVR-51 and AUAVR-52 were the highest in TCP-Solubilizion Index. The two isolates were also recognized as stress tolerant when tested in vitro for extreme temperature, osmotic, acidic pH, intrinsic antibiotics, and acidic-aluminum as compared to the other isolates. However, there was no unique metabolic diversity and specialization of AUAVR-51 and AUAVR-52 isolates with respect to carbon and nitrogen source utilization. On the other hand, isolates AUAVR-51 and AUAVR-52 were characterized by effective and highly effective symbiosis on sterile potted sand growth, respectively. In general, phosphate solubilizing rhizobia nodulating faba bean from acidic soil are fast grower; and their solubilization potential varies. However, the contribution of these isolates as double fertilizer should be tested in the real acidic soil characterized by immobilized phosphorous.
Keywords: Faba bean Rhizobial isolates Phosphate solubilization Symbiotic effectiveness