Effects of Oil Spillage on Soil Fertility in Udu Local Government Area in Delta State
The study examines the effects of oil spillage on soil fertility in Udu Local Government Area of Delta State, with the aim of determining the effects of oil spillage on physical and chemical properties of the soils. Soil samples were collected from two experimental sites namely: oil polluted and non oil polluted plots in the study area. Sixteen (16) plots were marked out at 60m x 60m apart and subdivided into quadrants of 1m x 1m for data collection, soil samples were collected with most probable instruments and analysed for physical and chemical properties in the soil. The result from the analysis revealed that oil spillage has effects on soil fertility in Udu Area of Delta State. The study also revealed that oil spillage adversely affects crop productivity in the area. And the result from the t-test analysis showed t value of 4.863, indicating significant effects of oil spillage on soil fertility in Udu area of Delta state. The study recommended prevention of the occurrence of oil spillage as the best alternative. Others include cleaning up exercise and payment of adequate compensation to affected communities.
Keywords: Oil, Spillage, Soil Fertility, Udu Area
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