Review of gynaecological hysterectomies at a Nigerian Teaching Hospital

  • JI Ikechebelu
  • DN Onwusulu
Keywords: Hysterectomy, Oophorectomy, Complications


 There were 605 gynaecological surgeries and 79 (13.1%) hysterectomies. Out of this number only 64 case notes were available for
this study. Thirty seven (57.8%) were abdominal hysterectomies, 27 (42.2%) were vaginal while there was no laparoscopic hysterectomy.
Overall, the commonest indication for hysterectomy was utero-vaginal prolapse (45.3%) followed by uterine fibroid while the commonest
indication for abdominal hysterectomy was uterine fibroid (56.8%). Abdominal hysterectomy was performed most commonly in the age group
of 45-49 years (45.9%). It was combined with bilateral oophorectomy in the age group of 46-50 years. There was need for blood transfusion in
11 patients (29.7%). The average duration of hospital stay was 8.9 days. Most hysterectomies were done for patients with parity of 5 and above
(67.2%). The peak age range for vaginal hysterectomy was between 60 and 64 years; Oophorectomy during vaginal hysterectomy was possible
in only one patient. The combined incidence of oophorectomy was 32.8%. The commonest post operative complication was urinary tract
infection (18.5%). The difference between the number of days post surgery for abdominal and vaginal procedures is not significant (p>0.05).
There was no subtotal hysterectomy.

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eISSN: 1119-0388