Monodisperse Polystyrene Microspheres: Studies on the Effects of Reaction Parameters on Particle Diameter and Colloidal Stability

  • Ikhazuagbe Ifijen Department of Research Operation, Rubber Research Institute of Nigeria, P.M.B. 1049, Benin- City, Nigeria
  • Esther Ikhuoria Department of Chemistry, University of Benin, P.M.B. 1154, Benin City, Nigeria
Keywords: Monodisperse; Colloidal Stability; Polystyrene Microspheres; Average Particle Diameter

Abstract

The synthesis of highly monodisperse polystyrene (PS) microspheres via surfactant-free emulsion
polymerization process was successfully carried out. Various reaction conditions such as initiator
amount, monomer amount, reaction temperature and stirring speed were varied with a view to
studying the effects of these polymerization parameters on the particle diameter and colloidal
stability of the synthesized PS microspheres. Microscopic analysis revealed that the as-synthesized
particles are spherical in shape without any form of agglomeration. Thermo-gravimetric analyzer
(TGA) analysis revealed that the prepared PS sample completely degrades at 465 °C. DLS analysis
showed a reduction in the average particle diameters of the as-synthesized PS microspheres as the
reaction temperature, stirring speed and initiator amount increased, whereas an increase in average
particle diameter was observed with increased monomer amount. Zeta-potential values ranging
from –30.10 mV to –39.50 mV, which is indicative of stable colloidal dispersion of particles, were
seen for all the synthesized PS samples.

Keywords: Monodisperse; Colloidal Stability; Polystyrene Microspheres; Average Particle
Diameter

Published
2020-04-17
Section
Articles

Journal Identifiers


eISSN: 2507-7961
print ISSN: 0856-1761