Structural findings at hysterosalpingography in patients with infertility at two private clinics in Kampala, Uganda
AbstractIntroduction: Hysterosalpingography (HSG) is still a commonly used investigation in the evaluation of the female genital tract and the main indication for HSG is infertility.
Objective: The purpose of this study was to find the pathology detected at HSG in patients with infertility in our setting.
Materials and Methods: A retrospective review of 289 consecutive patients who underwent hysterosalpingography using ionic water-soluble contrast media was done at 2 private x-ray units in Kampala. Clinical notes and radiological findings were analysed for demographic data, uterine status, tubal and pelvic pathology.
Results: The commonest age group seen was 26–30yrs. Most were of low parity. Secondary infertility was commoner than primary infertility. Abnormal findings at hysterosalpingography were found in 83.4%. The commonest finding was tubal blockage.
Conclusion: The commonest pathology found on HSG in women presenting with infertility in Kampala is tubal blockage possibly secondary to chronic pelvic inflammation. The fact that secondary infertility is common points to pelvic infection complicating mismanaged pregnancies, septic abortions or sexually transmitted infections. A study toestablish associated factors is recommended.
Key Words: Hysterosalpingography, Infertility
African Health Sciences Vol.4(3) 2004: 178-181
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