Towards a democratised method of data collection through the adoption and adaptation of the Shona concept of dare
This theoretical paper sought to explore the Shona concept of dare as an ideal democratised knowledge round table that could be adopted as a method of data collection in Africa. The Dare or ubiquitous circle is a participatory communication practice located among traditional Shona societies of Zimbabwe and is a potential replacement to traditional qualitative data collection tools such as interviews and focus group discussion. The goal is to promote participation and decolonise research processes in Africa by adopting existing communication practices among indigenous people. The attempt is to depart from conducting research as an extractive process conducted by the researcher and the participants, the investigator and the investigated or the analyst and the analysed. Conversely, information sharing rooted in the African concept of dare is more of knowledge round table and is participatory, democratised, recognises expertise and allows the sharing of experience. A properly structured information sharing session moulded in the dare concept is culturally grounded, built on trust, respect and is a relationship. The more knowledgeable and experienced participants have space to give direction to the data collection process. Participants have a platform to learn from each other and can identify with the collected data. The study recommends a shift from traditional data collection tools to information sharing moulded in the dare concept for reliable and authentic data collection. This African round table is more democratised and culturally grounded allowing the process not only to yield required data but also improve communities through shared experiences.