Synthesis, characterization and antimicrobial studies of metal complexes of mixed ligands : citric acid and amodiaquine
A range of d-block transition metals complexes of mixed amodiaquine and citric acid have been synthesized and characterised using microanalytical technique, elemental analysis, FT-IR spectroscopy and magnetic measurement. The results of the analytical and spectroscopic data revealed that both amodiaquine and citric acid acted as bidentate ligands in their mode of coordination with the metal ions.The citric acid bound through the carbonyl (C=O) and hydroxyl groups to the metal ions while, amodiaquine coordinated through the nitrogen atom of the amine and oxygen donor atom of hydroxyl group; resulted in structures with octahedral geometry. Percentage composition and magnetic Bohr moment data indicated that all metal complexes were paramagnetic. Molar conductance measurement indicates that the complexes are non-electrolytes in nature. The antimicrobial activity of the ligands and their mixed complexes was carried out against g(+)Pseudomonas aeruginosa, g(+)E. coli, g(+)Klebsiella pneumonia, g(+)Staphylococcus aureus and g(+)Candida using Muller Hinton diffusion method. The citric acid and amodiaquine result showed low or moderate value from (0.6-0.8) for all the metal complexes with the exception of the Cu (II) complex having inhibitory zones ranging from 1-0-1.3, 0.7-0.9 at 200 ppm respectively. Moreover, the free ligands were found being less active compared with their mixed complexes.
Keywords: Citric acid, Amodiaquine, Complexes, Antimicrobial studies