Food contamination with salmonella and human health in Kinshasa city, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC)
Objectives: The objective of this study was to assess the level of salmonella contamination of fish and meat from public markets, meat from butcheries and beef carcasses offered for retail sale in Kinshasa, the capital city of the Democratic Republic of Congo
Methodology and results: Salmonella spp. in fish and meat was isolated using the classical technique with a pre-enrichment, enrichment, isolation and identification. The mean number of colonies counted was expressed as log10 colony forming units per gram (log10 cfu/g). The prevalence of Salmonella contamination was 11.1% for fish, 18.3 % for meat from public markets, 14.4 % for meat from the butcheries and 27.5 % for beef carcasses at the public abattoir. The positive rate in the evening was higher than in the morning (p<0.05). The bacterial loads ranged from 2.48 - 9.84 log10 cfu/g.
Conclusions and applications: This study revealed salmonella contamination of fishes and meats offered for retail sale in Kinshasa city. The contamination was higher in the evening than in the morning. Salmonella are pathogenic microorganisms significant in food infection and intoxications. Results from this study indicate that the food hygiene is poor demonstrating the importance of controlling this pathogen in food processes
Key words: Salmonella, meat, retail sale, abattoir, Democratic Republic of Congo
It is unethical to submit an article for publication in different journals, either for simultaneous review or otherwise. Elewa Biosciences will not consider any manuscripts that are being reviewed by other publishers or have been previously published elsewhere.Creative
Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0)
- Share — copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format
- Adapt — remix, transform, and build upon the material
- Attribution — You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, andindicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use.
- NonCommercial — You may not use the material for commercial purposes.