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Author GuidelinesThe information is the responsibility of the author. Manuscripts in English should be submitted in triplicate (original and two copies including figures and tables) to the Editor-in-Chief with a covering letter with full address of the author responsible for correspondence. The author(s) should retain a copy of the manuscript, a set of figures and tables as a precaution against loss or damage. REVIEW OF MANUSCRIPTS Copies of the submitted manuscripts are sent to two or more selected peer reviewers for suggestions or criticism designed to improve the quality of the paper. The authors are then requested to revise the paper accordingly. Final acceptance depends on satisfactory revision. ORGANIZATION OF MANUSCRIPT 1. FORMAT - Manuscripts should be typewritten, on one side of a white paper with ample margins of at least 2.5 cm all round. Use standard A4 size paper (21 x 29.8cm). All copies including references, legends and other subsidiary matter must be double-spaced regardless of the size type in which the material appears in printed form. The format of articles should be in the following order: Title page; Abstract; Introduction, Materials & Methods; Results; Discussion & Conclusions; Acknowledgements; References, Appendices. 2. TITLE PAGE - The cover page should include the title of the manuscript, the names of the author(s) and the(ir) affiliation(s) and a complete correspondence address and Telephone/E-Mail/Fax Number. TITLE - The title should be a precise and concise description of the contents of the paper. Serial titles of related papers are not accepted unless at least the first two manuscripts are submitted together. RUNNING TITLE - A concise running title should be provided at the foot of title page. It should not be more than seven words. 3. ABSTRACT - The abstract should be on a separate page. It should be a non-critical informative summary of the content and the findings, not to exceed 5% of the length of the article. There is no abstract for notes, news and reports 4. MAIN TEXT-The manuscript must conform to current standards of English style and usage. First and third person pronouns are preferred for clarity. Abbreviations should generally be in accordance with the Systeme International d'Unites (S1) version of the metric system (Downs, 1988). Certain abbreviations, such as those for chemicals and standard procedures, should always be written first in full, followed by the abbreviation in parenthesis. Metric units must be used. Footnotes should be avoided. Use of italics should be indicated by single underlining for scientific names (except for authority), Latin expressions and descriptive foreign phrases. In reporting measurements, more than three significant digits are rarely justified. 5. TABLES - Type tables on separate pages in the simplest form. Number each table with Arabic numerals e.g. Table 1. Each Table must have a brief title typed on a different paper from the one the table is on. Tables should document, but not duplicate, data already given in the text. The desired position of each table should be marked in the margin of text page where each table should be inserted. Standard abbreviations may be used in tables and figures if necessary, for format considerations. 6. FIGURES- Figures are most conveniently handled when submitted in A4 page size. On the back of each figure write tightly in pencil the Number of the figure in Arabic numerals (e.g. Fig. 1,2,3 .... ) and the senior author's first name and an arrow indicating top. Photographs should have a glossy finish, be unblurred, and show sharp contrast between light and dark areas. Legends for illustrations should be typewritten on a separate sheet with Arabic numerals corresponding with figures. Line drawings should be made with Indian ink on heavy white drawing paper, blue tracing or when necessary on blue ruled co-ordinate paper. Use the same abbreviations on fine drawings as in text. For line drawings to be accepted they must be equivalent to a professional draftsman's work. Figures should be numbered consecutively throughout the paper, and approximate place of insertion should be indicated in margin of text pages. 7. REFERENCES IN THE TEXT- Only articles or books that have been published or are in press may be included in the list of references. Any other material must be accompanied by permission from the source. Papers presented at conferences or symposia may not be listed. References should be cited in the text using the Harvard system; citing the name(s) of author(s) and the year the publication. If the author(s) and the years are identical for more than one reference, insert lower case letters (in alphabetical sequence) after the year. Use semi-colons to separate multiple references and list in alphabetical and not chronological order. Examples: · One author: Kang'oro (1992) or (Kang'oro, 1987). · Two authors: Kang'oro and Kinja (1992) or (Kang'oro and Kinja, 1992) · Three or more authors: Kang'oro et al. (1992) or (Kang'oro et al., 1992) · More than one identical references: (Kang'oro, 1992 a or Kang'oro, 1992 b · Multiple references: (Kang'oro,1992; Kinja,1928; Auma, 1990) 8. LIST OF REFERENCES - The citations should be listed alphabetically. With more than one reference to the same author, list them chronologically after the acknowledgement section but starting on a new page. Use the International Serials Catalogue for abbreviations of journal names and when in doubt give full name of the periodical. Authors must verify references against the original documents before submitting articles. The listing of journal articles should be as follows; author's name, year (in brackets), title of the paper, journal title (in italics), volume (in bold), issue (where necessary) and page numbers. Examples: Mutero C. M and Birley H. M. (1987). The effect of pre-gravid development on the estimation of mosquito survival rates. Journal of Applied Entomology. 107, 96 - 101. For books the listing should be as follows; authors name, the year (in brackets) the title of the book (in italics), page reference, publishers name and the place of publication e.g. · Muirhead- Thompson E. C. (1982) Behaviour pattern of blood sucking flies. pp 220. Pergamon Press, Oxford. · Mutinga M. J. and Kamau C. C. (1992) Rearing of phlebotomine sandflies in techniques of insect rearing for the development of integrated pest and vector management strategies Ochieng'-Odero J.P.R. (Ed.) pp. 483-504. RESEARCH REPORTS Journal of Agriculture, Science and Technology publishes short papers (reports) emphasizing significant new concepts, methods, applications and preliminary research findings. Emphasis is on clarity of communication. The criteria for acceptability include:- - Research results which are complete, but do not warrant comprehensive treatment. - Research work which is incomplete and unlikely to be concluded to the point where it would be reported in a conventional scientific paper. - Other useful research findings and development which in the opinion of the Editorial Board would be of value if published promptly. NOTES: Notes are limited to a single printed page. Submissions are reviewed critically as reports. The subject matter could encompass investigations or observations for which data analysis or experimental design might not apply. BOOK REVIEWS Informative, but critical reviews of books, monographs and other communication media (slide sets, films, computer programmes etc.) are published.
Copyright NoticePermission to reprint, republish or reproduce individual contributions or parts of contributions must be obtained from the Editorial Board through the Editor-in-Chief. The information is the responsibility of the author.
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