Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences

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Modelling of Extrinsic Fiber Optic Sagnac Ultrasound Interferometer Used for Displacement Measurements

S Benhamida, F Rehouma


Ultrasonic waves are used extensively in nondestructive testing both for characterization of material  properties, in this paper, we describe a fiber optic sensor suitable for detection of ultrasonic waves. This  sensor is based on an extrinsic fiber optic sagnac interferometer. The proposed sensor model can act as a conventional in-phase detector or as a narrowband detector. In this study we use methods interference of  ultrasonic waves between the source of ultrasonic waves and the object under investigation is exploited. The  main advantages of the proposed sensor are the ability to detect ultrasonic waves on the surface; this sensor  possesses higher sensitivity and accuracy than the pulse method. The cavity resonator was very successfully  used for measurement of small ultrasound velocity changes. The ultrasonic interferometric technique based on phase-locked loop is the most suitable for measurements of small displacements. This method ensures the  highest sensitivity and accuracy.

Keywords: Laser-based ultrasonic, fiber optic sensor, Sagnac interferometer.
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