Mortar incorporating supplementary cementitious materials: Strength, isothermal calorimetry and acids attack
Supplementary cementitious materials (SCMs) prove to be effective to meet most of the requirements of durable concrete and leads to a significant reduction in CO2 emissions. This research studies the effect different SCMs (natural pozzolan (PN) / limestone fine (FC) at various replacement levels) on the physical and mechano-chemical resistance of blended mortar. The paper primarily deals with the characteristics of these materials, including heat of hydration, strength and effects of aggressive chemical environments (using sulphuric acid and nitric acid). Over 6 mixes were made and compared to the control mix. Tests were conducted at different ages up to 360 days. The experimental results in general showed that Algerian mineral admixtures (PN/FC) were less vulnerable to nitric and sulphuric acid attack and improved the properties of mortars, but at different rates depending on the quantity of binder.
Keywords: natural pozzolan; portlandite; limestone fine; durability; blended cements