The effects of marginal neighborhoods on the urban economy and civil engineering (case study: Amiriyeh region of shahriar city)
Today, issues related to economy and urbanization are of fields that both in macro and micro dimensions, is the title of many studies of researches related to the urban and urban economy. Therefore, in this study aimed to investigate factors affecting the urban economy, and studied and explained the role of factors such as economic attraction, the urban size and shape, the city, the abnormalities, unemployment, lack of services, equipment and false jobs in the urban and in this regard, with providing multivariate model using fuzzy AHP, the effect of each factors listed in the study areas examined. The results of this study suggested that of the economic criteria, the urban size and shape, the criteria of construction and supply of housing with average turnover investment weighting 4.25, the criteria of urban expansion with the average investment security 2.94 and land use, with the average investment security 2.64, were of measures that had the greatest impact with regard to economic aspects as well as the urban size and shape. Also, among the criteria of rising unemployment, lack of services and facilities, false jobs and raising anomalies, the highest mean has dedicated to lack of services and equipment (uncontrolled increase of urban population= 1.43) that represents the high impact of suburbanization in uncontrolled increase in urban population and as a result the lack of services and equipment, followed by rising unemployment and increasing poverty and therefore false jobs.
Keywords: suburbanization; urban economics; urban development; AHP method