Mood and modality in torbatian dialect
This research is a fieldwork and has been done as follows. Torbatian dialect is a current language variation and its corpus has been collected by tape-recording and after transcribing, the materials have been analyzed on the basis of mood and modality. Mood is a category for which verb is inflected and it is used to indicate the syntactic relation of the main clause to other clauses in the sentence or to indicate the attitude of the speaker toward what she or he is saying as certainty or uncertainty, wish or command, emphasis or hesitancy. Mood, in this dialect, can be classified in two different ways: Morphologically and syntactically.From morphological point of view, this dialect distinguishes three moods: Indicative, Subjunctive and Imperative.Indicative mood indicates that a speaker presents the material with assurance. Subjunctive mood indicates a state of uncertainty. It may be possibility or conditional. Imperative mood indicates that the speaker commands or requests some action.From syntactic point of view, this dialect recognizes a whole series by the peculiarity of certain modal auxiliary verbs and other auxiliaries.
Key words: dialect, dialectology, mood, modality, morphological, syntactical