Antioxidant, antibacterial and cell toxicity effects of polyphenols Fromahmeur bouamer grape seed extracts
In this work and for the first time, significant concentrations of total polyphenols and flavonoids from Vitis vinifera L. grape seed extracts were obtained (256.15 ± 17.40 mg GAE/gdm and 14.08 ± 0.64 mg CE/gdm, respectively).The LC/MS analysis revealed richness in procyanidins. For antioxidant, antimicrobial and antifungal effects, the grape seed extract (GSE) responded positively. At 100 μg/mL, GSE induced a moderate toxicity of the order of 3.88% on 3T6 cells at the first 24 hours of treatment, whereas, its prolonged effect to 48 hours reduced this toxicity to less than 0.5%. As for the anti-proliferative effect on tumoral cell lines, a cell death of 18.39% to 23.79% and 10.30% to 20.37% was registered respectively for HeLa and BCPAP cells during 24 and 48 hours of treatment. Consequently, it is possible to consider using GSE at lower concentrations as an anti-proliferative agent without losing sight of its benefic effect on healthy cells.
Keywords: grape seed extract, 3T6 cell, antioxidant, antibacterial, anti-proliferation.