PROMOTING ACCESS TO AFRICAN RESEARCH

Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences

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Profile of sensitivity and resistance to antibiotics of Staphylococcus aureus strains isolated from patients fluids in medical biology department of National Public Health Laboratory of Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso

F.R. Koinam, F. Guira, N.S. Somda, A. Yaméogo, I.J. Bonkoungou, Y. Traoré, A. Savadogo

Abstract


Staphylococcus aureus is a bacterial specie that opposed more resistance again many antibiotics. This study aimed to determine the resistance profile of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from biological patient’s liquids. A total of 303 samples including urine and vaginal pus samples from human were collected. The susceptibility of antibiotic resistance profile of isolated strains was determined in agar medium by the diffusion method. The highest sensitivity was observed with gentamicin (25/25), vancomycin (24/25), rifampicin (24/25) and fusidic acid (25/25). The most important resistances were obtained with cotrimoxazole (15/25), nalidixic acid (17/25), oxacillin (20/25) and penicillins G (23/25). Age and sex of patients have few impacts on the resistance  profile.


Keywords: Staphylococcus aureus; resistance; sensibility; antibiotics; Burkina Faso.




http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/jfas.v9i1.32
AJOL African Journals Online