Peak to average power ratio (PAPR) reduction technique in orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) using block coding
Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) signal is considered a good candidate for wireless systems because it offers diversity gain in frequency selective channels. As in other multicarrier schemes, however, OFDM suffers from high peak to average power ratio (PAPR). This is a major drawback of the scheme and ways of minimizing the PAPR have been researched. Block coding scheme is the technique to reduce the peak-to-average power ratio of OFDM signals and also to detect transmission errors. The reason is that in the time domain, a multicarrier signal is the sum of many narrowband signals. At some time instances, this sum is large and at other times is small, which means that the peak value of the signal is substantially larger than the average value. This high PAR is one of the most important implementation challenges that face OFDM, because it reduces the efficiency. The main purpose in this project, is to make a comparison over the PAPR reduction technique using block coding and without block coding. The capability of Block Coding scheme to reduce the Bit Error Rate (BER) in an OFDM system was also measured. The simulation developed in Matlab simulation environment.