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Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences

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Flowering plants preferred by native wild bees (hymenoptera, apoidea, apiformes) in the Algerian Littoral Region

L. Bendifallah, F.J. Ortiz-Sánchez

Abstract


This study considered the plant floral resources visited by native wild and honey bees in Algiers (northern Algeria). Three botanical families accounted for almost 2/3 of all visits: Asteraceae (44.1%), Boraginaceae (15.3%) and Brassicaceae (13%). Plants in other families were visitedless frequently (e.g.Ranunculaceae (0.1%)). At the species level, the most frequently visited plant was Anchusa azurea (Boraginaceae), reaching 15.2% of the total bee  visitation. Our work showed that Apis mellifera Linnaeus, 1758 is, typically, a polylectic species and that the majority of solitary bees exhibited the more specialised trait of oligolectics. The narrowest trophic niche varied between 0.01 and 0.06 bits for Halictus rufipes (Fabricius, 1793), Halictus scabiosae (Rossi, 1790) (Halictidae), Osmia pinguis Pérez, 1895 and Osmia tricornis Linnaeus, 1811  (Megachilidae).


Key-words: Wild bees, floral choices, natural habitat, northern of Algeria.




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