PROMOTING ACCESS TO AFRICAN RESEARCH

Nigerian Journal of Technology

The AJOL site is currently undergoing a major upgrade, and there will temporarily be some restrictions to the available functionality.
-- Users will not be able to register or log in during this period.
-- Full text (PDF) downloads of Open Access journal articles will be available as always.
-- Full text (PDF) downloads of subscription based journal articles will NOT be available
We apologise for any inconvenience caused. Please check back soon, as we will revert to usual policy as soon as possible.





Influence of Some Variable Parameters on Horizontal Elliptic Micro-Channels with Internal Longitudinal Fins

IK Adegun, TS Jolayemi, OO Olayemi, OT Popoola

Abstract


The study investigates the laminar flow and heat transfer characteristics in elliptic micro-channels of varying axis ratios and with internal longitudinal fins, operating in a region that is hydrodynamically and thermally fully developed; purposely to determine the effects of some salient fluid and geometry parameters such as Reynolds number, Prandtl number, aspect ratio ( and fin heights on flow pattern and rate of heat transfer. Numerical method using the finite difference technique was adopted for the solution. A code in Quick Basic was developed to generate the results. Results show that fin height of H=0.6 provided the optimum heat transfer enhancement for the configuration of e = 0, e= 0.433 and e=0.714; for e=0.866, fin height of H= 0.4 is tolerable. Result also show that Nusselt number increases with Reynolds number for all axis ratios investigated. However, at Re=200 a slight trough was observed in Nusselt number Versus Reynolds number relationship indicating a critical flow condition. It was also established that at , Nusselt number and bulk fluid temperature, are independent of fluid properties.




AJOL African Journals Online