PIPELINE CORROSION CONTROL IN OIL AND GAS INDUSTRY: A CASE STUDY OF NNPC/PPMC SYSTEM 2A PIPELINE
Corrosion in pipelines is one of the major challenges faced by oil and gas industries all over the world. This has made corrosion control or management a major factor to consider before setting up any industry that will transport products via pipelines. In this study the types of corrosion found on system 2A pipeline were; pitting, microbial, sulfide-stress cracking, hydrogen-stress cracking and hydrogen-induced cracking and these were caused by poor maintenance of the pipeline system, severe mutilation of the pipeline coatings, substrates due to vandalization and coating failures. The data from cathodic protection control method from Nigeria National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC)/ Pipeline and Product Marketing Company (PPMC) for system 2A line was analyzed and it was deduced that about 10.3km of the pipeline was well protected and possibly fit for use and about 62.7km is experiencing under protection which means corrosion is predicted to take place in that segment in a short time and finally about 16km of the pipeline is experiencing corrosion. From the results obtained, it can be deduced that the use of cathodic protection technique as a method of controlling corrosion in oil and gas pipelines is effective and efficient when compared to other methods and thus constant monitoring is needed to achieve optimum efficiency.