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Nigerian Journal of Technology

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Computer aided modelling of low density polyethylene pyrolysis to produce synthetic fuels

A.G. Adeniyi, O.A.A. Eletta, J.O. Ighalo

Abstract


The pyrolysis of waste low-density polyethylene (LDPE) is an excellent method of converting waste materials into useful products. Aspen HYSYS 2006 was used to develop a computational steady-state model to simulate the pyrolysis of LDPE. The Peng-Robinson fluid package was used for the simulation. A continuous stirred tank reactor with an Arrhenius kinetic expression was used to predict reaction extent and product yield. At a pyrolysis temperature of 4500C and atmospheric pressure, 92.88% liquid yield was obtained. From the given feedstock, the char obtained was composed of only elemental carbon. The synthesis gas was composed mainly Hydrogen and C1-C4 hydrocarbons with traces of n-C5 and n-C6. The Pyrolysis oil was composed of higher hydrocarbon fractions (C8-C24). The conversion temperature relationships from the simulation are in good agreement with experimental results. This proved that pyrolysis of waste LDPE can give an excellent yield of liquid product and is a viable recycling technique.

Keywords: Pyrolysis, Simulation, LDPE, Synthetic fuels, Aspen HYSYS




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