Analysis of load sharing capability of a series-connected twin synchronous motor drive coupled to a common load shaft by gearing

  • I.K. Onwuka
  • E.S. Obe
Keywords: Six-winding Machine, Synchronous Motors, Series-Connected, Common Load Shaft, Speed Reduction Gear, q-d Axis

Abstract

Torque limitations on gear teeth led to the use of two motors on opposite sides of the gear to drive large grinding mills. For such systems, motor overheating and rapid gear-teeth wear have been observed, especially when using synchronous motors due to load imbalance between the two motors. This paper studied a drive system consisting of two separate three-phase synchronous motors whose phase windings are split into two sections in a manner that makes them appear as six-winding machines, and then each of the resulting six windings of one motor are connected in series with those of the other motor, with no phase transposition, such that only three terminals of each motor are available to be connected to supply. The field windings are connected in parallel to the same source. Again, the motors, running on separate shafts, are connected to a common load shaft through a speed reduction gear driven through pinions. A detailed mathematical model is developed in the q-d axis, and the system is implemented on the MATLAB/ SIMULINK environment. A circumferential error in the girth gear was modeled to introduce load imbalance. It is observed that despite the load imbalance, the stator currents and the load torque seen by the two motors are the same. However, a variation is observed in their rotor angles. This suggests that while the motor units inherently share the mill load equally thereby removing the possibility of motor overheating, the varying rotor angle may represent a problem for the motor shafts.

Keywords: Six-winding Machine, Synchronous Motors, Series-Connected, Common Load Shaft, Speed Reduction Gear, q-d Axis

Published
2019-04-17
Section
Articles

Journal Identifiers


eISSN: 2467-8821
print ISSN: 0331-8443