The effect of kaolin and silica variation on the properties of porcelain insulators
Clay, Al2O3, feldspar and silica have been used to produce shackle-type porcelain insulators using slip casting method. The amounts of silica and kaolin were varied from 10 to 30 wt. % while keeping the amounts of other constituents constant. The samples were bisque fired at 900 °C, sintered at 1200 °C for 1 hour glazed using borax fritz. The results showed that as the amount of kaolin decreased, apparent porosity and water absorption increased from 9-19 % and 7-12 % respectively. The bulk density and linear shrinkage decreased from 1.94-1.12 g/cm3 and from 12.5 % - 7 % respectively. Breakdown voltages ranging from 23 kV to 35 kV were obtained while the highest insulation resistance value of 50GΩ was for the sample with 55 % clay, 15 % silica and 25 % feldspar and 5 % Al2O3. The results indicate that moderate variations in kaolin and silica content can be used to produce porcelain insulators for commercial applications.
Keywords: Electrical porcelain, Shackle insulator, Kaolin, Feldspar, Processing.