Spatial and temporal variability in dissolved oxygen content of Asoro stream, in south western Nigeria
This study examined the spatial and temporal variation of dissolved oxygen (DO) concentration in Asoro stream, the self-recovery ability of the stream of the effluent discharges with a view to providing a baseline information on quality of water in Asoro stream. DO is a measure of the ability of water to sustain aquatic life, it is important in water pollution control and waste water treatment process control. Samples were collected from fifteen sampling points along the Asoro stream at 500 m intervals over a 5000 m stretch for twelve-months. The DO, Biochemical Oxygen Demand and some other physico-chemical parameters of water were determined using standard methods. The hydrographic characteristics of the stream were; width (0.8 to 5.8 m), depth (0.1 to 0.55 m), discharge (0.30 to 0.52 ms -1 ), flow rate 0.07 to 0.0.73 m3 /s. The temporal variation in DO concentration in Asoro stream fluctuated from the first week of sampling to 25th week after with a peak range of concentration (7.46 mg/L to 10.12 mg/L) between 27th week and 39th week of sampling suggesting high level of organic pollution. The mean spatial distribution of DO at each station changed slightly between the point of brewery effluent discharge and 5000 m away. Regression analysis showed that there was no significant relationship (P≥ 0.05) between time (weeks) and DO concentration along Asoro stream. The study concluded that release of organic matter from industrial effluent affects the DO and BOD concentrations of Asoro stream.
Keywords: Dissolved oxygen, Temporal, Spatial, Asoro stream, self- recovery