The Performance Evaluation of Adaptive Guard Channel Scheme in Wireless Network
Dynamic Guard Channels (DCG) reduces the dropping and blocking rates in a network. However, most of the existing DGC allocations are not quite efficient because there were consideration for only the Handoff (HO) calls while the New calls (NC) were not considered; this leads to poor Quality of Service (QoS) for NC. Although it is better to give priority to HO calls over NC since the breaking of the connection of an established communication
is more annoying than blocking a NC. Thus, there is need to provide an alternative approach that guarantees an acceptable QoS in terms of both the HC and the NC. This paper presents the performance evaluation of an adaptive guard channel allocation; the scheme made use of two different models (1) guard channel with fuzzy logic (2) guard channel without fuzzy logic. Priority is given to handoff call due to the scarcity of radio spectrum. When all the guard channels have been allocated and the arrival rate of handoff calls keeps on increasing, new set of threshold values would be estimated by fuzzy logic model. Performance metrics are; Call Blocking Rate (CBR), Call Dropping Rate (CDR) and Throughput. Results showed that guard channel with fuzzy logic has the CBR values range from 24.02% to 69.015 and CDR values range from 12.025 to 18.90% while guard channel without fuzzy logic has CBR values range from 28.22% to 75.65% and CDR values range from 19.06% to 36.50%. The scheme proved to be more efficient in congestion control in wireless network.