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Molecular identification and cross-immunogenic study on two field isolates of <i>Mycoplasma synoviae</i> isolated from broilers in five districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa

Atta Ur Rehman
Abdul Haleem Shah
Sajjad Ur Rahman
Saifur Rehman
Muhammad Kamal Shah
Widya Paramita Lokapirnasari
Imdadullah Khan
Muhammad Inamullah Malik
Andreas Berny Yulianto


Background: Mycoplasma synoviae (MS) is an important poultry pathogen causing heavy economic losses Worldwide.
Subclinical persistence of this pathogen is the major issue to control its prevalence.

Aim: This study aimed to determine the molecular and cross-immunogenicity of MS among broilers in five Districts
of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP).

Methods: This study was conducted by collecting 434 specimen samples from 40 broiler farms and desi poultry in five  districts of KP. Specimen samples from the broiler birds (n = 150), broiler farm environment (n = 264), and desi poultry  birds (n = 20) were aseptically collected and serially passaged in Modified Frey’s broth. The homologous and  heterologous antibody reactions were studied in rabbits. Before inoculation into rabbits, the MS isolates were inactivated by formalin and adjuvanted with Montanide.

Results: The overall turbidity prevalence in Frey’s broth was  observed as 109/434 (25.11%) samples, and these turbiditypositive samples were shifted on Frey’s agar. After the  appearance of classic fried egg colonies, the Biochemical confirmation was supported by the production of catalase and  phosphatase, reduction of tetrazolium, film and spot assay, and fermentation of glucose for species differentiation in  avian mycoplasma. The MS prevalence percentage was recorded as 2% (9/434) through biochemical tests. The PCR  results showed 0.5% MS prevalence with two field isolates (named MS-1 and MS-2). Both MS-1 and MS-2 field isolates  showed similar values (42.2) of homologous geometric mean titer (GMT). While the heterologous GMT for MS-1 serum  against MS-2 isolate was lower (27.9) as compared to MS-2 serum against MS1 isolate (38.9). No titer was detected in the  control group (Group-III). Conclusion: In conclusion, the results indicated the existence of MS in broiler birds and  high homologous titers recorded between field isolates, which is a perpetual menace to poultry. 

Journal Identifiers

eISSN: 2218-6050
print ISSN: 2226-4485