PROMOTING ACCESS TO AFRICAN RESEARCH

Rwanda Journal of Medicine and Health Sciences

Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads.

Remember me or Register



Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD): knowledge of risk factors and preventive practices of CKD among students at a University in Rwanda

Flavien Ngendahayo, Donatilla Mukamana, Innocent Ndateba, Aimable Nkurunziza, Oluyinka Adejumo, Geldine Chironda

Abstract


Background: Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is a global public health burden. Most people miss the early subtle signs that can develop at any age. CKD has severe complications, including End-stage Renal Disease.

Objective: To assess the knowledge level of CKD risk factors and preventive practices among university students in Rwanda.

Methods: A cross-sectional study design was used from April to May 2017. A stratified random sampling technique was used to recruit 260 university students. A 36-item questionnaire was selfadministered. Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics.

Results: The mean age was 29 years and over half were female (53.4%). A great number (44%) had a low knowledge level of CKD and its risk factors, a third (34%) had moderate, and only (22%) had a high knowledge level of CKD risk factors. The majority (50.4%) had low level of preventive practices, nearly half (45%) had moderate and only (4.6%) had high level of preventive practice.

Conclusion: CKD knowledge and preventive practices in this study population were low. Knowledge gained and desire for healthy preventive practices may have been a benefit of the study. CKD educational programs should be further developed to prevent this significant problem affecting the Rwandese community.

Keywords: Chronic kidney disease, knowledge, preventive practices, university students




AJOL African Journals Online