The Rwanda Journal of Medicine and Health Sciences is a peer reviewed journal published three times a year and is a continuation of the former Rwanda Journal Series F: Medicine and Health Sciences since January 2018. It publishes topics relevant to various health related fields including but not limited to medicine, pharmacy, dentistry, nursing, public health, nutrition, health management and policy, and other health sciences. The Journal accepts quantitative, qualitative, and mixed methods studies, each evaluated for their scientific rigor and validity. The following types of manuscripts will be considered for publication in the journal: original research, review articles, short communications, letters to the editor, perspective articles, lessons from the field, editorials, and case reports. Each of these is further elaborated below. The journal may publish supplements of conference proceedings or special editions.
As of October 2023 the journal is now indexed in SCOPUS, Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), and African Index Medicus (AIM).