Clinical Profile of Paediatric Head and Neck Cancers at a Tertiary Hospital in Tanzania

  • Zephania Saitabau Abraham University of Dodoma, Tanzania
  • Enica Richard Massawe Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
  • Aveline Aloyce Kahinga Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
  • Kassim Babu Mapondella Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
  • Willybroad Augustine Massawe Muhimbili National Hospital, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
  • Henry Swai Muhimbili National Hospital, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
  • Siwillis Mithe Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
  • James Joseph Yahaya University of Dodoma, Tanzania
  • Daudi Ntunaguzi Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
Keywords: Paediatric; Head; Neck Cancers; Muhimbili; Tanzania

Abstract

Background

Paediatric head and neck cancers represent an important group of childhood cancers that require maximum attention at large. They are often diagnosed at advanced clinical stages at Muhimbili National Hospital (MNH).

Objective

To describe the clinical profile of paediatric head and neck cancers at a tertiary hospital in Tanzania

Method

A hospital based descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted involving 180 paediatric patients. Data were analyzed using SPSS program version 21.

Results

A total of 180 paediatric patients were recruited where 61.1% were males and 38.9% were females. Majority belonged to the age group 0-5 years (53.9%). A total of 10 primary anatomical sites were found with the neck (cervical lymph node) predominating (36.1%), followed by the orbit/eye (34.4%) and the least anatomical sites were oral cavity (1.1%) and parapharyngeal space (0.5%). Leukocoria (93.9%), red eye (93.9%) and orbital cellulitis (77.6%) predominated in retinoblastoma but in patients with lymphomas, predominant features were night sweats (100%), weight loss (100%) and fevers (95.8%).

Conclusion

The clinical profile depicted in this study appears to correlate with advanced clinical stages.

Keywords: Paediatric; Head; Neck Cancers; Muhimbili; Tanzania

Author Biographies

Zephania Saitabau Abraham, University of Dodoma, Tanzania

Department of Surgery, College of Health and Allied Sciences

Enica Richard Massawe, Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Department of Otorhinolaryngology

Aveline Aloyce Kahinga, Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Department of Otorhinolaryngology

Kassim Babu Mapondella, Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Department of Otorhinolaryngology

Willybroad Augustine Massawe, Muhimbili National Hospital, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Department of Otorhinolaryngology

Henry Swai, Muhimbili National Hospital, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Department of Otorhinolaryngology

Siwillis Mithe, Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Department of Clinical Oncology

James Joseph Yahaya, University of Dodoma, Tanzania

Department of Anatomy and Histology, College of Health and Allied Sciences

Daudi Ntunaguzi, Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Department of Otorhinolaryngology

Published
2020-04-14
Section
Articles

Journal Identifiers


eISSN: 2616-9827
print ISSN: 2616-9819