Functional Health Literacy and Self-Care Behaviors Among Type 2 Diabetic Patients at a University Teaching Hospital in Kigali

  • Vestine Mukanoheli University of Rwanda
  • Marie Claire Uwamahoro University of Rwanda
  • Valens Mbarushimana University of Rwanda
  • Pamela Meharry University of Illinois, Chicago
Keywords: Type 2 diabetes mellitus; functional health literacy; self-care behaviors; patients T2DM; sub-Saharan Africa

Abstract

Background

Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) is a significant health burden in high-income countries and emerging in sub-Sahara African countries, including Rwanda. Prevention and treatment of T2DM are imperative and need to focus on functional health literacy and self-care practices among people with diabetes.

Objective

To determine if functional health literacy is associated with self-care behaviors among T2DM patients.

Method

This study was a descriptive cross-sectional design conducted at a University Teaching Hospital in Kigali. The sample comprised of 223 T2DM patients recruited from the university outpatient department. The questionnaire was developed from two studies.  Descriptive statistics were used to analyse the data.

Results

Results indicated a low-level of functional health literacy, with a wide range of scores from 6.5% to 93.5%, and a mean of 51.66 (SD 15.77).The majority of 123 (55.3%) had inadequate functional health literacy and self-care behaviors. There was a strong association between functional health literacy and self-care behaviors (p < 0.001).

Conclusion

The level of functional health literacy among T2DM patients needs to be increased and patients should be highly encouraged to adhere to self-care behaviors. Future research could involve an interventional study to discover the best method to educate T2DM patients.

Keywords: Type 2 diabetes mellitus; functional health literacy; self-care behaviors; patients T2DM; sub-Saharan Africa

Author Biographies

Vestine Mukanoheli, University of Rwanda

Colllege of Medicine and Health Sciences

Marie Claire Uwamahoro, University of Rwanda

Colllege of Medicine and Health Sciences

Valens Mbarushimana, University of Rwanda

Colllege of Medicine and Health Sciences

Pamela Meharry, University of Illinois, Chicago

Department of Women’s, Children’s and Family Health Services

Published
2020-04-14
Section
Articles

Journal Identifiers


eISSN: 2616-9827
print ISSN: 2616-9819