Quality of Basic Care During Neonatal Resuscitation Among Health Care Providers at Three District Hospitals in Kigali

  • Kellen Muganwa School of Nursing and Midwifery, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Rwanda, Kigali, Rwanda
  • Alice Muhayimana School of Nursing and Midwifery, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Rwanda, Kigali, Rwanda
  • Joella Mukashyaka School of Nursing and Midwifery, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Rwanda, Kigali, Rwanda
  • Pamela Meharry Department of Women’s, Children’s and Family Health Services, University of Illinois, Chicago, USA
Keywords: Neonatal resuscitation, HBB, basic care, quality of care, health care provider

Abstract

Background

Globally, about 10% of neonates require extra respiratory support to initiate breathing at birth. Over a million neonatal deaths could be prevented with quality basic care during neonatal resuscitation.

Objective

To determine the quality of care (QoC) of basic NR at birth among health care providers (HCPs) at three district hospitals in Kigali.

Methods

A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted. Thirty-six HCPs were observed 2-3 times using a structured checklist. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyze the data.

 Results

The majority had ‘good’ QoC scores for drying and stimulation (74.7%), and fair scores for airway clearance (85.1%). Some had poor scores for advanced bag and mask ventilation (BMV) (13%). Maternity work experience (1-5 years) was significantly associated with good quality drying and stimulation (p = 0.03), initial BMV (p = 0.02), and advanced BMV (p = 0.03), than HCPs with less than one-year experience.

 Conclusion

Maternity work experience of more than one year significantly improved the QoC during neonatal resuscitation. More NR support during the first year of work and regular NR refresher training would improve neonatal outcomes.

 Rwanda J Med Health Sci 2020;3(2):225-237

Published
2020-09-07
Section
Articles

Journal Identifiers


eISSN: 2616-9827
print ISSN: 2616-9819