Relationship Between Sperm Quality and Male Reproductive Hormones Among Male Partners with Fertility Complications: Attending CHUB

  • Herbert Mapira Tendayi Biomedical Laboratory Sciences Department, School of Health Sciences, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Rwanda, Kigali, Rwanda
  • Jerome Ndayisenga Biomedical Laboratory Sciences Department, School of Health Sciences, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Rwanda, Kigali, Rwanda
  • Solange Nyiramahirwe Biomedical Laboratory Sciences Department, School of Health Sciences, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Rwanda, Kigali, Rwanda
  • Jacqueline Mukanshuti Biomedical Laboratory Sciences Department, School of Health Sciences, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Rwanda, Kigali, Rwanda
  • Valens Karenzi Biomedical Laboratory Sciences Department, School of Health Sciences, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Rwanda, Kigali, Rwanda
  • Robert Rutayisire Biomedical Laboratory Sciences Department, School of Health Sciences, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Rwanda, Kigali, Rwanda
  • Jean Claude Nshutiyimana Biomedical Laboratory Sciences Department, School of Health Sciences, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Rwanda, Kigali, Rwanda

Abstract

Background

Infertility remains a highly prevalent global condition in the second decade of the new millennium. Reproductive hormones determine sperm quality as they initiate and maintain spermatogenesis. Hormonal imbalance can cause abnormal sperm quality that can be treated by hormonal replacement therapy.

Objective

To assess the relationship between sperm quality and male reproductive hormones among male partners with fertility complications attending CHUB.

Methods

The study was a descriptive cross-sectional, and a convenient sampling strategy was used to recruit subjects at CHUB. Sixty-two male subjects with fertility complications provided both semen and blood sample to analyze sperm quality and reproductive hormones. Descriptive statistics were used to analyze data.

Results

Both FSH and LH showed a strong negative correlation with sperm count which is more profound with FSH (r= -0.722) than LH (r= -0.545). Testosterone showed a strong positive correlation with sperm count (r= 0.712). FSH and LH showed a negative correlation with sperm motility which is more profound in FSH (r= -0.312) than LH (r= -0.302). Testosterone also showed a positive correlation with sperm motility (r= 0.360).

Conclusion

Our study found a correlation between sperm quality and male reproductive hormones. We further suggest other studies to investigate predictive power of male reproductive hormones.

Rwanda J Med Health Sci 2020;3(3):315-328

Published
2020-12-30
Section
Articles

Journal Identifiers


eISSN: 2616-9827
print ISSN: 2616-9819