Prevalence of Periodontitis and Associated Factors among Pregnant Women: A cross sectional survey in Southern Province, Rwanda

  • Peace Uwambaye Preventive and Community Dentistry, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Rwanda, Kigali, Rwanda
  • Michael Kerr Faculty of Graduate Studies, University of Western Ontario, London, Canada
  • Stephen Rulisa School of Medicine and Health Sciences, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Rwanda, Kigali, Rwanda
  • Shiau Harlan Periodontology, School of Medicine, University of Maryland, United States
  • Cyprien Munyanshongore School of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Rwanda, Kigali, Rwanda
Keywords: Prevalence, periodontitis, risk factors, pregnancy, gingivitis

Abstract

Background

The literature has shown the relationship between maternal periodontitis and complications associated with pregnancy. Thus, prevalence estimates and risk factor identification for periodontitis during pregnancy in Rwanda are paramount.

Aim

The aim of the current study was to determine the prevalence of periodontitis and identify related risk factors among pregnant women in Rwanda.

Methods

A cross sectional study was conducted to determine the prevalence of periodontal diseases in a convenience sample of 400 pregnant women in the Southern Province of Rwanda. A logistic regression analysis using a hierarchical approach was performed to assess the risk factors for periodontal disease. Socio demographic factors were put in the regression model first followed by a second step for other potential factors.

Results

The overall prevalence of periodontitis was 60.5%. Multivariable logistic regression showed that age OR=2.48 (95% CI. 1.18-5.22), education level OR=82.15 (95% CI. 8.21-822.11), socio economic status OR=2.28 (95% CI. 1.49-6.62), employment status OR=7.3 (95% CI. 1.38-38.74, and tobacco use OR=6.89 (95% CI. 1.78-60.65) were significantly associated with periodontitis.

Conclusion

Periodontitis appears to be a common problem among pregnant women in Rwanda. Risk factor screening could help identify pregnant women at higher risk of periodontal disease.

Rwanda J Med Health Sci 2021;4(1):131-150

Published
2021-04-08
Section
Articles

Journal Identifiers


eISSN: 2616-9827
print ISSN: 2616-9819