Main Article Content

Spatial distribution of healthcare facilitiesin Kazaure local government, Jigawa state, Nigeria

Tukur Mahmoud
Momodu M. Abdulfatai
Sunusi Bala


Good healthcare and well-being is goal number 3 of sustainable development goals as adopted by the UN general assembly in September 2015. Nigeria being a signatory must strive to achieve good healthcare and wellbeing for all ages before 2030. The research analyzed the spatial distribution of public and private health care facilities in Kazaure local government, Jigawa state, Nigeria. Primary geo-data of the healthcare centres were acquired using Garmin e-trex-10 GPS receiver while ArcGIS 10.3 was used to process the data. The spatial data was compiled in Microsoft excel and imported into the spatial database using ArcGIS. Secondary data relating to number and types of healthcare centres were obtained from Kazaure local government healthcare department. It was discovered that there is an existed inadequacy in the availability of health care facilities within the area. The multiple buffer of 2/3 kilometres service radius indicate that the urban area of Kazaure is over-served while most of the rural areas are either under-served or not served at all. Nearest Neighbor Analysis (NNA) ratio number is 0.904 therefore we can say with 95% certainty that the healthcare facilities are distributed randomly within the study area. The results also indicate that there are 15 primary healthcare centres (78.95%), 4 secondary healthcare centres (21.05%) and 0 tertiary healthcare centre (0%) in the study area. Additionally, the publicowns 17 healthcare centres (89.47%) while the private healthcare providers own 2 healthcare centres (10.53%). It is therefore recommended that more healthcare centres should be establish in the study area especially secondary and tertiary healthcare centres.

Keywords: Distribution, Healthcare facilities, Spatial and Geographic information System

Journal Identifiers

eISSN: 2811-2598
print ISSN: 1597-7463