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Author GuidelinesINFORMATION FOR CONTRIBUTORS 1. Manuscripts should be written in English. The Journal receives full articles, Research notes, Conference Reports, Book Reviews and Viewpoints. The viewpoint section exists for the expression of opinions and allows authors to submit material which may not be appropriate for a full article, but which contains ideas worthy of publication. Notices of forthcoming meetings are welcomed. Three copies of any article should be submitted. These should be typed, double-spaced, on side of the paper only. The author(s) should retain a copy. In the first submission, the name and address of the author should be on a separate page. 2. Articles should include the author's name and affiliation and an address for correspondence. Authors should inform the Editors immediately of any change in address after a manuscript has been submitted. Articles will be subjected to peer reviewing and authors are expected to revise their papers as soon as comments from the reviewers are received. 3. Authors are responsible both for the views expressed in their articles and for the accuracy of any data quoted. 4. Broad divisions and section headings should be clearly marked in the text where appropriate. Any quotations should appear in double marks, with longer quotations (exceeding 40 words) appearing indented in the text. Each full paper should have an abstract of no more than 200 words, which should be complete, informative, succinct and understandable without recourse to the text. 5. Bibliographical references should be carefully checked. In the case of books these should be complete in respect of place and date of publication, and name of publisher; and in the case of journal articles, volume and issue number (where given) and year of publication, and relevant page numbers. References to privately circulated or mimeographed material should also contain the name of the appropriate department or institution concerned. References should appear at the end of each article and should be cited in the author/date system within the text. Citations for articles with 3 or more authors should use "et al". Multiple citations using the same author and date should use "a", "b", "c", etc., after the date to differentiate them. References should be listed alphabetically. Examples are as follows: Kassenga, G. R. and Pardue, J. H. (2006), “Effect of Competitive Terminal Electron Acceptor Processes on Dechlorination of cis-1,2-DCE and 1,2-DCA in Constructed Wetland Soils”. Microbiology Ecology. Vol. 57, pp. 311–323. Mara, D. D. (2004), Domestic Wastewater Treatment in Developing Countries, Earthscan, London. Mbuligwe, S. E. and Kassenga, G. R. (2007), “Small Community Integrated Water Resources Supply and Recycling”, In, Loeffe, C.V. (ed.), Trends in Conservation and Recycling of Resources. Nova Science Publishers Inc., pp. 1 – 37. 6. All necessary illustrations should accompany the typescript but should not be inserted in the text. All photographs, maps, charts and diagrams should be referred to as "Figures", (not Fig.) and should be numbered consecutively in the order in which they are referred to in the text. Brief captions should be provided to make the figures as informative as possible. Where shading is required in illustrations, line hatching should be used, as tone or dots may not reproduce clearly. (a) Photographs should be black and white glossy prints. Each should have lightly written on the back, the author's name, the figure number, and an indication of which is the top of the picture. Where lines or lettering are to appear on the photograph, two prints should be supplied, one appropriately marked and the other unmarked. (b) Line diagrams should preferably be submitted in a form suitable for direct reproduction. (c) Figures should have consecutively numbered captions, and the source both at the figure's bottom. These captions and sources should then be typed consecutively on a separate page at the end of the paper. 7. The publisher will seek to return all original artwork in good condition if requested, but cannot guarantee this arrangement. Authors are therefore recommended to ensure that they retain good copies of any illustrative material. 8. Statistical tables should be submitted on separate sheets. These should be clearly headed with captions beginning with the word "Table" and the reader should be able to understand the meaning of each row or column without hunting in the text for explanations of symbols, etc. Units of measurement, nationality of currencies, base-dates for index numbers, geographical area covered and sources should be clearly stated, at the bottom of the table. 9. All figures and tables should be referred to directly in the text. Authors may indicate preferred positions in relation to text and, where applicable, these will be adhered to. Tables should have as few lines as possible and all table columns should have an explanatory heading. 10. Footnotes should be indicated in the text by superior Arabic numerals which should be consecutive through the paper. All footnotes, including author's acknowledgements, etc. should further be submitted on a separate sheet. These will appear at the foot of each relevant page but should be numbered consecutively throughout. 11. Authors are expected to correct proofs expeditiously and to keep alterations to a minimum. If corrected proofs are not returned within a reasonable time of dispatch, the editors reserve the right to make final checks themselves and to proceed with publication. In general, the author's original transcripts will be regarded as definitive, except where matters of journal style or necessary correction of syntax, etc. have required editorial intervention. The Publisher reserves the right to charge authors for excessive and unreasonable corrections made in proofs. 12. Because of the heavy pressure on space, the Editors will give preference to articles which deal succinctly with an issue which is both important and clearly defined. In general, articles should not exceed 6,000 words unless there is special justification. 13. A copy of the journal in which the author's article appears is provided free of charge. Further copies may be purchased at a reasonable price if ordered on the form which will accompany the author's proofs. Submission of manuscript on disk Authors are encouraged to submit a computer disk (3.5" or 5.25" HD/DD disk) containing the final version of the paper along with the final manuscript to the Editorial Office. Please observe the following criteria: (a) Send only hard copy when first submitting your paper (b) When your paper has been refereed, revised if necessary and accepted, send a disk containing the final version with the final hard copy. Make sure the disk and the hard copy match exactly. (c) Specify what software was used, including which release (e.g. Word Perfect 5.1). (d) Specify what computer was used (either IBM compatible PC or Apple Macintosh). (e) Text, tables and illustrations (if available on disk) should be supplied as separate files. (f) The file should follow the general instructions on style/arrangement and, in particular, the reference style. (g) The file should use the wrap-around end-of-line feature (i.e. not returns at the end of each line). All textual elements should begin with paragraph indents. Place two returns after very element such as title, headings, paragraphs, figure and table call-outs. (h) Keep a back-up disk for reference and safety. Address of Correspondence All correspondence, including the submission of manuscripts, should be addressed to the Managing Director, The Journal of Building and Land Development, Ardhi University (ARU), P.O. Box 35176, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, Telephone (255 22) 71847, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
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