Study on the relationship between participatory management in schools and teachers' development of social capital from managers and teachers views of secondary school teachers Karaj district 3
The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between social capital growths with use of participatory management in schools in Karaj. The research method was descriptive and correlational. The sample size in the current survey included all principals and teachers in secondary schools in District 3 city of Karaj in 2014-2015. The sample size was determined using Cochran formula as sample of 305 people. Stratified sampling method used is proportional to population size. In order to measure the variables used in the study two researcher made questionnaires of participative management by Kritner (2006) and social capital of Vilanova and Chosa (2003) were used. The validity and reliability of both questionnaires were determined and approved by interviewing of several professors by Cronbach alpha for participative management (0.85) and social capital (0.87). For the analysis, descriptive and inferential statistical methods (Pearson correlation coefficient, independent t-test and ANOVA) were used.
The results showed that there were correlation among participatory management and its components (decision-making, communication, collaborative, participative leadership, corporate structure and corporate control) and social capital among administrators and teachers in secondary schools in District 3 of Karaj. Independent t-test results showed that the there were significant differences among views of male and female employees about corporate governance and social capital. One-way ANOVA analysis of variance showed that there were no significant difference among comments about the staff participatory management and social capital in terms of education, work experience and age.
Keywords: corporate governance; social capital; institutional trust