The criteria for evaluating method and evidence on radiation health effects in epidemiological study: a review

  • F.M. Yussof
  • R Umar
  • H Juahir
  • A Hassan
Keywords: base stations, electromagnetic radiation (EMR), health effect, questionnaire


This paper purpose is to assess whether the distance of base station plays a causal role leading to health problem. This research mostly focuses on participants around telecommunication base stations by assessing their symptoms and level of the incident of occurrence of pains and discomfort. It is important to rule out all the criteria and causality from cause and outcome in radiation health effects through epidemiological study. The major causal criteria to follow are criteria of biological plausibility, consistency, temporality and specificity of alternative explanations. True EMR value also should be determined to support the survey collection. Previous studies mostly have been performed were limited to the questionnaire survey and often burdened by the subjectivism-related error. The evidence for public health intervention must be sufficiently comprehensive to cover the complexity in epidemiological studies.

Keywords: base stations; electromagnetic radiation (EMR); health effect; questionnaire


Journal Identifiers

eISSN: 1112-9867