Back translation reliability of TEOSQ in team game, individual game and gender category

  • A.B.H.M. Maliki
  • M.R. Abdullah
  • H Juahir
  • R.M. Musa
  • N.A. Kosni
  • S.M. Mat-Rasid
  • A Adnan
  • N Alias
  • V Eswaramoorthi
Keywords: goal´s orientation, type of sport, development athletes, motivation, reliability


This study aims to test the reliability of the translated TEOSQ instrument based on gender, team and individual game with a specific focus to the dispositional approach on the athlete’s performance in task and ego orientation in Malaysian setting. A total number of 324 (male = 193, Mage = 17.38±1.92; female = 131, Mage = 16.75±2.24) of different sports were recruited. The performance of dispositional Motivation was evaluated by adopting and back-translation of TEOSQ in Malaysian language. The overall results for types of sport and gender show an alpha (α) of 0.79 and 0.83 for both ego and task orientation. The instrument shows a good reliability in  both  types  of sport as well as in gender category after been translated in Malaysian language. It also shows that athlete in team sport and female athletes are more prepared, focused on mastering skill and wanted to perform better in sports engagement.

Keywords: goal´s orientation; type of sport; development athletes; motivation; reliability


Journal Identifiers

eISSN: 1112-9867