Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences

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Infestation of fruit fly, Bactrocera (Diptera: Tephritidae) on mango (Mangifera indica L.) in peninsular Malaysia

M Salmah, N.A. Adam, R Muhamad, W.H. Lau, H Ahmad


A survey was carried out in mango orchards in Peninsular Malaysia with aimed to determine the infestation levels of fruit fly Bactrocera (Diptera: Tephritidae) on mango (Mangifera indica L.) through damaged fruit collection. Two fruit fly species emerged from the collected fruits:  Bactrocera  dorsalis (Hendel)  and  Bactrocera  carambolae  (Drew  &  Hancock). Bactrocera dorsalis was recorded the most abundant species (91%) compared to B. carambolae (9%). The highest fruit infestation was observed in Bumbong Lima (93.49±2.25 pupae/kg), followed by Bukit Changgang (36.08±8.35 pupae/kg) and Pulau Gadong (26.78 ±4.86 pupae/kg) whilst Jitra showed the lowest fruit infestation (10.79±3.34 pupae/kg).

Keywords:  Bactrocera; infestation; mango
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